Sunday, October 28, 2012

how to use rsyslog's ruleset and call statements

Rsyslog 7.2+ introduced a couple of cool config enhancements, among them a new way to specify rulesets and to call into a ruleset (a much better replacement for omruleset). Unfortunatley, the doc is currently extremely sparse. That will change soon, but in the mean time I thought I provide at least some clues here via the blog.

In essence, the ruleset statement permits to specify a ruleset. It's written as

ruleset(name="rulesetname") { statements here }

Rulesets can be bound to inputs, as usual, and any ruleset can call into another ruleset via the call statement:

call rulesetname

Note that in call, the rulesetname is just plainly specified. We created it that way as we thought this looks most intuitively to people used to any kind of scripting or programming language.

A somewhat larger sample (bascially taken from the rsyslog mailing list, thanks to Brian Knox) is:

module(load="imptcp" keepalive="on")
# use imptcp just as example for bind ruleset below
ruleset(name="rs1") {

        *.* /var/log/test1.log
ruleset(name="rs2") {
        *.* /var/log/test2.log
        call rs1
input(type="imptcp" port="13514" ruleset="rs2")

All statements NOT specified inside a ruleset become part of the default ruleset. Legacy-style $Ruleset statements are still supported, but cannot be used inside a ruleset() statement (that would create a big mess and is totally unnecessary).

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