Monday, May 31, 2010

rsyslog speed & output formatting

I'd like to reproduce a mailing list post here, both because I would like to retain it for easy reference and I consider it important enough to achieve better visibility. It originated by asking a question about output formatting options, but took as down to important roadmap questions for rsyslog.

For simplicity, I simply copy over the text of my relevant posting:

> On Mon, 31 May 2010, wrote:
> > On Mon, 31 May 2010, Rainer Gerhards wrote:
> >
> >>> I agree that doing it in the output would be far better in many
> ways,
> >>> but
> >>> since there isn't a way to do a plugin there (at least not as far
> as I
> >>> know, it would be good to get confirmation or a better idea)
> >>
> >> David, can you tell me what you have on your mind for this
> functionality? I
> >> have thought a bit about it, and I probably have one approach
> myself. But I
> >> would prefer to hear your idea before I push you into a direction.
> >
> >
> > two options
> >
> > 1. something that would work similar to the existing format
> > string, but would call a C subroutine that could read the existing
> > properties and would create the output string in a buffer
> >
> > 2. something that could also modify the exisitng properties (more
> > powerful, but also more dangerous and could involve locking to
> prevent
> > other things from trying to read properties at the same time)
> >
> > we haven't gone too far down the road of researching the output
> > performance (since the input and queue locking has dominated so far),
> but
> > it is clear that the output currently takes significantly more CPU
> time
> > than input, it may be that being able to use C to define the output
> format
> > instead of interpreting the format string may be a noticable
> improvement.
> > Is there a relativly easy way to test this? (say, hard-code a format
> or
> > two and test writes to file and network with the hard-coded format vs
> a
> > format string that produces the same output?)
> for the traditional output formats the difference may not be that much,
> but if there is extensive parsing involved (as the initial poster is
> doing, or what I would expect is common for specific log types into a
> database) the difference can be much more significant since it can
> replace
> multiple regex statements with a much faster single pass that looks for
> word breaks and inserts standard filler in those spots.
> With the new syslog format where the data is 'supposed to be' in a
> series of name=value tuples, something like this would be a pretty
> efficiant way of extracting particular portions of the data to be
> output
> (although the properties could be extended to do this sort of thing by
> providing something similar to a perl hash)

You are looking in the same direction I am, and I think this is good news ;)

The current engine supports functions coded in C, but not yet as real plugins
nor in an easy to see way. It is done via a crude function interface library
module, and only within the script engine. My original plan (over a year, or
even two, ago) was to generalize these library plugins, so that it is easy to
add new code and load them as plugins. Actually, making them available as
plugins should not be too much work given the already existing
infrastructure. There already exist a handful of "function modules", the
control structure is just statically created during compile time, much as
some of the output plugins are statically linked.

Then the original plan was to enable templates to call scripts and enable
scripts to define templates (kind of). Unfortunately, I got distracted by
more important things before I could complete all of this.

HOWEVER, at this time performance was not a major concern. With what has
evolved in the mean time, I do not like the original approach that much any
longer. At least the script engine must become much faster before I can take
a real look at that capability. Right now, scripts generate a interim code
that then is interpreted by a (kind of) virtual machine. A script invocation
inside a template would mean that a VM must be instantiated, the script
interpreted and the resulting string be used as template contents. Clearly,
this is not for high-performance use. Still, however, it may be useful to
have that capability for those cases, where performance is not the #1
consideration. But given that everything would need to be implemented, it
does make limited sense to look into something known to be too slow in the
long run. BTW, this is one reason that I have not yet continued to work on
the script engine, knowing that some larger redesign is due to fit it into
the now much tighter runtime constraints.

On the performance of the output system: I think the system in general is
quite fast and efficient, with only ONE important exception: that is, if
multiple replacements need to happen. Still, the algorithm is quite
efficient, but it is generic and needs to run though a number of steps. Of
course, it is definitely faster to permit a C plugin to look at the message
and then format, in an "atomic" way the resulting custom string. Thus, you
need to write multiple C codes instead of using a generic engine, but can do
so in a much higher performance way. I would assume, however, that this
approach cannot beat the simple templates we usually use (maybe by less than
5% and, of course, there may be cases where this matters).

As you know, my current focus is speed, together with some functional
enhancements. I was looking at queue operations improvements, but the
potential output speed improvements may be more interesting than the queue
mode improvements (and apply to more use cases). So it may make sense to look
into these, first. My challenge here is to find something that is

a) generic enough to be useful in various (usual) cases
b) specific enough to be rather fast

and it should also be able to implement within a few weeks at most, because I
can probably not spend much more time on a single feature/refactoring.

One solution may be to create "template modules". I could envision a template
module to be something that generates the template string *as a whole* from
the input message.

That is, we would have

$template current-style,"%msg%\n"

but also (**)

$modload tplcustom
$template custom,tplcustom

where tplcustom generates the template string.

While this sounds promising, we have some issues. One immediately pops up my
mind: we will probably be able to use the same template for file writing or
forwarding, but for file writing we need a LF at the end, while for
forwarding we do not need it.

So the most natural way would be to have the ability to embed a "custom
template" into a regular template, like suggested by this syntax:

$template both,"%=tplcustom%\n"

however, this brings us down to the slippery slope of the original design. As
a next thing to be requested, I could ask for using not the msg object (with
its fixed unmodified properties), but rather of a transformation of the
message object. So we would end up with something like this:

$template cmplx,"%=tplcustom(syslogtag & msg)%"

Which would require a much more complex logic working behind the scenes.

Of course, depending on the format used, the engine could select different
processing algorithms. Doing this on the fly seems possible, but requires
more work than I can commit in one sequence.

Also, it would be useful to have the ability to persist already-generated
properties with the message while it is continued to be processed in the rule
engine. So far, we do not have this ability, and the reason is processing
time (plus, as usual, implementation effort): for that, we would need to
maintain a list (or hash, ...) of name/value pairs, store them to disk for
disk queues and shuffle them through the rule engine as processing is carried
out. As I said, quite doable, but another big addition.

So I am somewhat stuck with things that sound interesting, but are a bit
interdependent. Doing them all together is too big to be useful, and it will
probably fail because I can probably not keep focus on all of the for the
next, say, 9 to 12 month that it would require to complete everything.

So I am again down to picking what is most useful. Out of this discussion, it
looks like the idea I marked with (**), the plain C template generator could
be a useful route to take. I am saying this under the assumption that it
would be relatively easy to implement and cause at least some speedup in
standard cases (contrary to what I expect, I have to admit...). But that
approach is highly specialized, requiring a C module for each custom format.
So does it really serve the rsyslog community well - or just some very
isolated use cases?

Thinking more about it, it would probably be useful if it is both

a) relatively easy to implement and
b) causes some speedup in standard cases

But b) cannot be proven without actually implementing the interface. So, in
practice, the questions boils down to what we *expect* about the usefulness
of this utility.

Having said that, I'd appreciate feedback, both on the concrete question of
the usefulness of this feature as well as any and all comments on the
situation at large. I am trying to put my development resources, which
thankfully have been somewhat increased nowadays :) to the area where they
provide greatest benefit.

Monday, May 03, 2010

rsyslog now available on Solaris

Rsyslog has become the de-facto standard on modern Linux operating systems. It's high-performance log processing, database integration, modularity and support for multiple logging protocols make it the sysadmin's logging daemon of choice. The project was started in 2004 and has since then evolved rapidly.

Starting with today, rsyslog is not only available on Linux and BSD, but also on Sun Solaris. Both Intel and Sparc machines are fully supported under Solaris. Depending on operator need, rsyslog can replace stock Solaris syslogd or be used in conjunction with it. The later case provides enhanced rsyslog functionality without the need to change the system infrastructure.

Solaris is now a tier-one target platform. That means that all testing for major releases will be carried out on Solaris as well as on other platforms. The Solaris port was done very careful taking into account Sun's somewhat specific syslogd handling via door files and preserving the full power of rsyslog. So it not only compiles and runs on Solaris but rsyslog is a good citizen in the Solaris environment.

As of usual rsyslog project policies, the project does not make installation packages other than the source distribution available. However, we work closely together with the Solaris community be able to provide them. We expect additional announcements soon.

The versions with initial solid Solaris support are 4.7.2 and 5.5.4. Rsyslog's Solaris port was made possible by a generous contribution of hardware and some development funding by a sponsor which preferred to remain anonymous. We from the rsyslog project would like to express our sincere appreciation. Contributions of any kind are always very welcome.